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Least Privilege

This course introduces the principle of least privilege and its importance in secure coding.

7 videos  //  33 minutes of training

Course description

Least privilege is not so much a vulnerability as a vulnerability multiplier. Any error that allows an attacker to gain control of a program only grows worse when that application is running with high-level permissions. This course suggests how to implement applications in a way that minimizes the permissions needed.

Course syllabus

Introduction to Least PrivilegeDuration: 1:50

This video provides an introduction to the least privilege course.

Introduction to PrivilegesDuration: 8:13

This video covers the fundamentals of privileges in operating systems.

Least Privilege VulnerabilitiesDuration: 5:56

This video describes how failure to obey least privilege can amplify the impact of an attack.

Least Privilege ExploitationDuration: 4:00

This video describes how failure to obey least privilege can be exploited by an attacker.

Least Privilege Case StudyDuration: 4:59

This video describes a case study of an application that failed to obey least privilege.

Least Privilege MitigationsDuration: 3:13

This video describes how to implement least privilege.

Least Privilege DemoDuration: 4:55

This video demonstrates exploitation of a failure to obey least privilege.

Meet the author

Howard Poston


Howard Poston is a cybersecurity researcher with a background in blockchain, cryptography and malware analysis. He has a master's degree in Cyber Operations from the Air Force Institute of Technology and two years of experience in cybersecurity research and development at Sandia National Labs. He currently works as a freelance consultant providing training and content creation for cyber and blockchain security. He can be reached by email at or via his website at

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Plans and pricing





$599 / license

Annually. Includes all content plus team admin and reporting.