Establishing command-and-control (C2) Course

This course demonstrates the use of Python to establish command-and-control channels between a target environment and the attacker's infrastructure.

1 hour, 6 minutes

Course description

In this course, you'll explore establishing command-and-control channels. This includes a look at traffic analysis with Python, calculating entropy, detecting encoding and building command-and-control packets.


Building C2 packets with Python

Video - 00:13:00

This video automates the process of building C2 packets that carry C2 data in a particular field.
Detecting encodings with Python

Video - 00:12:00

This video discusses how to identify if network traffic has fields that carry encoded data.
Calculating entropy with Python

Video - 00:10:00

This video shows how to calculate the entropy of various network packet fields with Python.
Traffic analysis with Python

Video - 00:18:00

This video demonstrates how scapy can be used to analyze network traffic and identify potential C2 channels.
Introduction to command and control

Video - 00:12:00

This video introduces the concept of command and control and discusses how we can use Python to identify and create potential C2 channels.

Meet the author

Howard Poston

Howard Poston is a copywriter, author, and course developer with experience in cybersecurity and blockchain security, cryptography, and malware analysis. He has an MS in Cyber Operations, a decade of experience in cybersecurity, and over five years of experience as a freelance consultant providing training and content creation for cyber and blockchain security. He is also the creator of over a dozen cybersecurity courses, has authored two books, and has spoken at numerous cybersecurity conferences. He can be reached by email at or via his website at

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